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According to EASO data 116 and similarly to previous years, about four-fifths of withdrawals in the EU+ were implicit. While this indicates that the share of implicit withdrawals was substantial for most citizenships, it is important to analyse the numbers within individual citizenships, where some differences emerged (Figure 10). For instance, nearly all applications withdrawn by nationals of Côte d'Ivoire (98 %), Guinea (97 %) and Nigeria (91 %) were withdrawn implicitly. In contrast, citizens of Albania (49 %), Iraq (51 %) and Georgia (52 %) tended to withdraw applications more often explicitly. 

Withdrawn applications in 2018, by main citizenship and type

Figure 10: Citizenships that tended to withdraw the most applications, also had
highest proportions of implicit withdrawals, which implies high levels of absconding 



116 In the framework of the EASO’s EPS data exchange, the indicator on withdrawn applications is disaggregated by citizenship and by type of withdrawal (explicit or implicit). Comparison of EPS information with EUROSTAT data is limited as the EASO’s indicator refers to applications withdrawn during the first instance determination process related to first-time decision-making while Eurostat’s covers applications withdrawn at all instances of the administrative and/or judicial procedure. In addition, the reporting dates differ: for EASO, it is the date of decision on the withdrawn application while for Eurostat it is the date the application is considered withdrawn, which could occur at two different times. Thirdly, EPS collection does not cover Iceland and Liechtenstein.