OLD Country Guidance

Two new updates are now available. 
The 'Country Guidance: Iraq' (January 2021) and the 'Country Guidance: Afghanistan' (December 2020) replace the previously available documents from June 2019.

Country guidance is developed, reviewed and updated following the Outcome of the 3461st Council meeting, in a process coordinated and facilitated by EASO. It aims to assist decision-makers and policy-makers, and to foster convergence in the application of the criteria for qualification for international protection in the context of the CEAS.

These country-specific common analysis and guidance are developed by a network of senior-level policy officials from EU+ countries and have been endorsed by the EASO Management Board. They also take into account input from the European Commission and UNHCR.

Country guidance is currently available on the following countries: Afghanistan (latest update: December 2020)NEW, Iraq (latest update: January 2021)NEW, Nigeria (February 2019), and Syria (September 2020). While these documents are not binding, decision-makers are invited to take them into account when examining applications for international protection in an individual, impartial and objective manner.

Click on the links below to find the latest common analysis and guidance:


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Last update: December 2020
Last update: January 2021
Last update: February 2019
Last update: September 2020

Each country guidance document provides an in-depth analysis of the situation in the country of origin, focussing on the key elements of qualification for international protection. It is based on common country of origin information, analysed in accordance with international and EU law, in particular the Qualification Directive (Directive 2011/95/EU). It further builds on the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and, where appropriate, of the European Court of Human Rights, as well as on the general EASO guidance on the examination of applications for international protection (EASO practical tools).

Each common analysis and guidance note addresses the following elements:

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The documents are structured in two parts: guidance note and common analysis. The common analysis provides an outline of the horizontal framework (e.g. legislation, case law, general guidance) and a summary of the country of origin information, which has been used to make the assessment (with references to the relevant EASO COI reports). Building on those, it draws conclusions with regard to the different elements of qualification for international protection. The guidance note outlines these conclusions in a succinct and practical manner; it should be read in conjunction with the more detailed common analysis.

For more information regarding the country guidance process and documents, see the Q&A section below.

Q & A: Country guidance

The information below is organised by main topics which may be of interest.