Courts and Tribunals

The EUAA develops and supports judicial professional development materials and activities for members of courts and tribunals.

The EUAA support to courts and tribunals - Watch the video

This support, which contributes to the effective and consistent implementation of the Common European Asylum System, is the result of a close working collaboration between the EUAA and a dedicated network. This support is intended entirely for the benefit of the members of courts and tribunals across Europe who are working in this highly specialised area of the law.
The EUAA coordinates the Courts and Tribunals Network and produces high-quality materials designed to support judicial practitioners in their daily tasks and to conduct professional development activities. The overall aim is to stimulate dialogue with and between judicial stakeholders.


EUAA Courts and Tribunals Network
EUAA Courts and Tribunals Network

The EUAA has developed a network that has grown consistently over the years. Courts and tribunals from all EU+ countries are represented in the network as well as the following key stakeholders.

  • The Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.
  • International and European judicial associations: the International Association of Refugee and Migration Judges and the Association of European Administrative Judges.
  • Other stakeholders, such as the European Judicial Training Network, the Academy of European Law, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Since 2013, the network has been meeting every year for its Annual Coordination and Planning Meeting. These meetings focus on strategic and thematic issues, most importantly in the field of judicial training. 

EUAA Professional Development Series

In close collaboration with the Courts and Tribunals Network, the EUAA Professional Development Series has been created. These publications are specifically tailored to the needs of members of courts and tribunals and intended to foster convergence and consistency in the application of international protection law. 

Professional Development Series

In cooperation with members of courts and tribunals, the EUAA is developing a professional development series (PDS) covering all aspects of the Common European Asylum System.
For the full overview of PDS chapters see courts and tribunals brochure available in 23 languages:
[EN] [BG] [CS] [DA] [DE] [EL] [ES] [ET] [FI] [FR] [HR] [HU] [IT] [LT] [LV] [MT] [NL] [PT] [PL] [RO] [SK] [SL] [SV]

The judicial analyses and compilations of jurisprudence developed so far can be found below. 

Introduction to the Common European Asylum System for courts and tribunals

Article 15(c) Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)

Exclusion: Articles 12 and 17 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)

Ending international protection: Articles 11, 14, 16 and 19 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)

  • Judicial analysis 2nd edition: [EN]
  • Compilation of jurisprudence: [EN]
  • Judicial analysis 1st edition: [EN] [BG] [DE] [ES] [FR] [IT[EL]

Qualification for international protection (Directive 2011/95/EU)

Evidence and credibility assessment in the context of the Common European Asylum System

Asylum procedures and the principle of non-refoulement

Country of origin information

  • Judicial practical guide on country of origin information: [EN] [DE] [ES] [FR] [IT] [MK]^ [SR]^
  • Compilation of jurisprudence: [EN]

Detention of applicants for international protection in the context of the Common European Asylum System

Reception of applicants for international protection (Reception Conditions Directive 2013/33/EU)

  • Judicial analysis [EN

Vulnerability in the context of applications for international protection

  • Judicial analysis [EN]
  • Compilation of jurisprudence: [EN]


* Translated by UNHCR under the Quality Initiative in Eastern Europe and South Caucasus. 

^ This document has been published with the assistance of the European Union through the 'Regional Support to Protection - Sensitive Migration Management in the Western Balkans and Turkey - Phase II' project. Its contents are the sole responsibility of the EUAA and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union. 


EUAA Judicial Workshops

The EUAA organises judicial professional development workshops, webinars and conferences.

Each activity is based on an EUAA judicial analysis. In addition, judicial trainers’ guidance notes, tailor-made by judges, provide points for discussion, case studies, moot court exercises and other interactive exercises.

The reader will find all the necessary information on their content, methodology and practical organisation in the Catalogue of the EUAA Professional development workshops for members of courts and tribunals, available here.

The 2022 programme of the EUUA Judicial Workshops is available here.

In addition, the EUAA provides ad hoc support in response to requests received from courts and tribunals in Member States and third countries, in the framework of the external dimension. 

The EUAA also organises high level conferences to bring together members of courts and tribunals from all Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.

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The EUAA Expert Panels
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The EUAA Expert Panels are a new set of online activities aimed at members of courts and tribunals who wish to deepen their expert knowledge in specific areas of the CEAS. 

The panels facilitate the exchange of views, interpretations, recent national case law, best practices on challenging topics and recent developments in the case law of the CJEU and ECtHR.

The brochures presenting past Expert Panels are available here:


EASO IARMJ High Level Expert Panels

The asylum judge in search of convergence: protecting what and how?

  • Brochure of the event (PDF)
  • Background note session 1 (PDF)
  • Background note session 2 (PDF)
  • List of questions (PDF)