Courts and Tribunals

The EUAA supports members of court and tribunals through dedicated judicial publications and activities.

The EUAA support to courts and tribunals - Watch the video

The EUAA support to courts and tribunals aims at promoting the effective and consistent implementation of the Common European Asylum System and is the result of a close working collaboration between the EUAA and a dedicated network. This support is entirely intended for the benefit of the members of courts and tribunals across Europe who are working in this highly specialised area of the law.

The EUAA coordinates the Courts and Tribunals Network and produces high-quality materials designed to support judicial practitioners in their daily tasks and to form the basis for capacity building activities.

EUAA Courts and Tribunals Network
EUAA Courts and Tribunals Network

The EUAA has developed a network that has consistently grown over the years. Courts and tribunals from all EU+ countries, as well as the following key stakeholders, are represented in the network:

  • The Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.
  • International and European judicial associations: the International Association of Refugee and Migration Judges and the Association of European Administrative Judges.
  • Other stakeholders, such as the European Judicial Training Network, the Academy of European Law, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Since 2013, the network has been meeting every year for its Annual Coordination and Planning Meeting. These meetings focus on strategic and thematic issues.

EUAA Judicial Publications

The EUAA Judicial Publications are developed in close collaboration with the EUAA Courts and Tribunals Network. They are specifically tailored to the needs of members of courts and tribunals and aim at fostering convergence in the application of international protection law. 

Judicial Publications

A brochure provides a full overview of all the existing EUAA Judicial Publications and is available in 23 languages: 
[EN] [BG] [CS] [DA] [DE] [EL] [ES] [ET] [FI] [FR] [HR] [HU] [IT] [LT] [LV] [MT] [NL] [PT] [PL] [RO] [SK] [SL] [SV]

The publications can be consulted and downloaded in PDF format.

They comprise judicial analyses, compilations of jurisprudence and judicial practical guides:

Introduction to the Common European Asylum System for courts and tribunals

Article 15(c) Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)

Exclusion: Articles 12 and 17 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)

Ending international protection: Articles 11, 14, 16 and 19 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)

  • Judicial analysis 2nd edition: [EN]
  • Compilation of jurisprudence: [EN]
  • Judicial analysis 1st edition: [EN] [BG] [DE] [ES] [FR] [IT[EL]

Qualification for international protection (Directive 2011/95/EU)

Evidence and credibility assessment in the context of the Common European Asylum System

Asylum procedures and the principle of non-refoulement

Country of origin information

  • Judicial practical guide on country of origin information: [EN] [DE] [ES] [FR] [IT] [MK]^ [SR]^
  • Compilation of jurisprudence: [EN]

Detention of applicants for international protection in the context of the Common European Asylum System

Reception of applicants for international protection (Reception Conditions Directive 2013/33/EU)

  • Judicial analysis [EN

Vulnerability in the context of applications for international protection

  • Judicial analysis [EN]
  • Compilation of jurisprudence: [EN]


* Translated by UNHCR under the Quality Initiative in Eastern Europe and South Caucasus. 

^ This document has been published with the assistance of the European Union through the 'Regional Support to Protection - Sensitive Migration Management in the Western Balkans and Turkey - Phase II' project. Its contents are the sole responsibility of the EUAA and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union. 


EUAA Judicial Workshops

The EUAA organises judicial workshops which are based on an EUAA judicial analysis. In addition, judicial trainers’ guidance notes provide points for discussion, case studies, moot court exercises and other interactive exercises.

The reader will find all the necessary information on their content, methodology and practical organisation in the Catalogue of the EUAA judicial workshops for members of courts and tribunals.


In addition, the EUAA provides ad hoc support in response to requests received from courts and tribunals in Member States as well as third countries, in line with the EUAA External Cooperation Strategy. The EUAA also organises conferences and seminars to bring together judges from all Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.

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EUAA Expert Panels
EUAA Expert panels

The EUAA Expert Panels are a new set of webinars aimed at members of courts and tribunals who wish to deepen their expert knowledge in specific areas of the CEAS. 

The panels facilitate the exchange of views, interpretations, recent national case law, best practices on challenging topics and recent developments in the case law of the CJEU and ECtHR.

Past Expert Panels

Balancing mutual trust and fundamental rights in inadmissibility cases: an increasing challenge for international protection judges?, 18 June 2021

The asylum judge in search of convergence: protecting what and how?, 18 November 2021

Joint EUAA/FRA Expert Panel: Fundamental rights and access to asylum procedures at the external borders, 27 April 2022

Evidence and Credibility Assessment in Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity/Expression (SOGIE) -based claims, 12 October 2022

Towards a common definition of public order and national security in international and temporary protection cases?, 30 November 2022