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Last update: February 2023

Human rights violations, which could amount to persecution or serious harm, are also committed by other non-State actors, such as family members or criminal gangs.

Some examples include domestic violence, ‘honour’ violence by family members, sexual violence, violence against LGBTIQ individuals, etc. See, for example, the profiles of 4.13. LGBTIQ persons and 4.11. Women and girls, etc.