Skip to main content


News Published: 17 March 2022

Iraq Security Situation - EUAA publishes new COI report


The European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA) has recently published an updated Country of Origin Information (COI) report on the security situation in Iraq. The report provides information on armed actors and the impact of conflict on civilians in the country between 1 August 2020 – 31 October 2021. It includes updated and relevant context information for the assessment of international protection status determination for Iraqi asylum seekers, notably subsidiary protection. The reports will also be the basis for EUAA’s country guidance development exercise on Iraq in 2022.

The report entitled Iraq: Security Situation is part of a series of Iraq COI country-reports produced in the last two years, and should be read together with Iraq: Key socio-economic indicators report published in November 2021, and Iraq: Targeting of Individuals published in January 2022.

Since June 2021, Iraqis have lodged increasing numbers of applications for international protection in EU+ countries.1 The number of monthly applications has fluctuated between 1 300 and 1 700 between August 2020 and May 2021.2 The main receiving country for Iraqis has been Germany (accounting for more than half of all Iraqi applications between August 2020 and August 2021), followed by Greece, Austria and Belgium.3 Recently, however, Iraqi applications have risen quickly in Lithuania and Latvia as a result of the surge in irregular border crossings from Belarus. The latest asylum trends for applicants from Iraq, and other countries of origin, can be found on the EUAA website.

The report was drafted in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology by COI researchers from Belgium, Sweden, ACCORD, and EUAA.  It was reviewed by Finland, France, Slovakia, and ARC. As always, the European Union Agency for Asylum thanks our partners in the EU for their assistance in preparing this update.

The report can be downloaded from the EUAA COI Portal.




Any further information may be obtained from the European Union Agency for Asylum’s Press Office at the following email addresses: 



[1] EU Member States plus Norway and Switzerland

[2] EUAA Early Warning and Preparedness System data, 15 November 2021. Recent data were missing for two EU+ countries. See also: Latest Asylum Trends | European Union Agency for Asylum (

[3] Eurostat [migr_asyappctzm], last update on 11 November 2021.