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Abbreviations and glossary



Please note that this country guidance document has been replaced by a more recent one. The latest versions of country guidance documents are available at /country-guidance.

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ACN: Action Congress of Nigeria
ACLED: Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project
ANPP: All Nigeria Peoples Party
APC: All Progressives Congress
APGA: All Progressives Grand Alliance
Asylum Procedures Directive: Directive 2013/32/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection


CAT: Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
CEAS: Common European Asylum System
CJEU: Court of Justice of the European Union
CJTF: Civilian Joint Task Force
COI: Country of origin information
CPC: Congress for Progressive Change


DDR: Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reintegration Programme in the Niger Delta


EASO: European Asylum Support Office
ECHR: Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (European Convention on Human Rights), as amended by Protocols Nos. 11 and 14, 4 November 1950
ECtHR: European Court of Human Rights
EU: European Union
EU Anti-Trafficking Directive: Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA


FCT: Federal Capital Territory
FGM/C: Female genital mutilation/cutting


Hisbah: Islamic police
HIV: Human immunodeficiency virus


ICC: International Criminal Court
IDP(s): Internally displaced person(s)
IED: Improvised Explosive Device
IMN: Islamic Movement in Nigeria
IPA: Internal protection alternative
IPOB: Indigenous People of Biafra
ISIS-WA: Islamic State - West Africa


JAS: Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’adati wal-Jihad
JTF: Joint Task Force
juju: Belief in witchcraft


LGA: Local Government Areas
LGBT: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans persons. For the purposes of this document, ‘LGBT’ is used to refer to persons of diverse sexual orientation and gender identity. While the term LGBTIQ, including the intersex and the queer/questioning individuals, is broadly used, the COI, analysis and guidance in this document are limited to the situation of LGBT persons.


MASSOB: Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra
MEND: Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta
MNJTF: Multi-National Joint Task Force


NAF: Nigerian Armed Forces
NAPTIP: Nigerian National Agency for Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons
NDA: Niger Delta Avengers
NDPVF: Niger Delta People’s Volunteer Force
NGO: Non-governmental organisation
NPF: Nigeria Police Force


OHCHR: (United Nations) Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights


PDP: People's Democratic Party


QD: (Qualification Directive) Directive 2011/95/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on standards for the qualification of third-country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection, for a uniform status for refugees or for persons eligible for subsidiary protection, and for the content of the protection granted


SARS: Special Anti-Robbery Squad of the NPF
Sharia: The religious law of Islam; Islamic canonical law
'sodomy': According to Sharia, ‘sodomy’ is a crime committed in the following way: ‘Whoever has anal coitus with any man is said to commit the offence of sodomy’ (Kaduna and Yobe); ‘Whoever has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man or woman is said to commit the offence of sodomy’ (all other Sharia-implementing states. Kano and Katsina qualify this: ‘with any man or woman through her rectum’.
SSMPA: Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act


THB: Trafficking in Human Beings


UN: United Nations
UNICEF: United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund 
UNODC: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime


VAPP: Violence Against Persons Prohibition (bill)