Relevant case law

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Please note that this country guidance document has been replaced by a more recent one. The latest versions of country guidance documents are available at https://easo.europa.eu/country-guidance.

Case law referenced in the common analysis includes:

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Actors of persecution or serious harm
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Religion

(Y and Z)
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Membership of a particular social group

(X, Y and Z)
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Article 15(b) QD

 
■ CJEU, M’Bodj
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Indiscriminate  violence in relation to armed conflict (Article 15(c) QD)

 
 
(Sufi and Elmi)
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Internal protection alternative

■ CJEU, X, Y and Z
 
■ CJEU, Y and Z
 
(Abdulla)
 
(A.A.M v Sweden)
 
(Salah Sheekh)
 
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Exclusion

(Lounani)
 
(B and D)
 
 
 
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For additional information on relevant case law see:

EASO Practical Guides:

■ EASO Practical Guide: Qualification for international protection
 EASO Practical Guide: Exclusion

Judicial analyses:

■ Judicial Analysis ‘Qualification for International Protection (Directive 2011/95/EU)
■ Judicial Analysis ‘Article 15(c) Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)
■ Judicial Analysis ‘Exclusion: Articles 12 and 17 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)