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Case law referenced in the common analysis

Actors of persecution or serious harm

Reasons for persecution - religion

Reasons for persecution – membership of a particular social group

Article 15(b) QD

Article 15(c) QD

Internal protection alternative



For additional information on relevant case law see:

EUAA Practical guides

Available at:

  • EUAA Practical Guide: Qualification for international protection
  • EUAA Practical Guide: Exclusion
  • EUAA Guidance on membership of a particular social group
  • EUAA Practical guide on the application of the internal protection alternative
  • EUAA Practical Guide on Exclusion for Serious (Non-Political) Crimes

Judicial analyses

Available at:

  • Judicial analysis ‘Qualification for International Protection (Directive 2011/95/EU)’
  • Judicial analysis ‘Article 15(c) Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)’
  • Judicial analysis ‘Exclusion: Articles 12 and 17 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)’