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This chapter provides guidance on subsidiary protection regulated under the Qualification Directive:
  • Article 15(a) QD: serious harm consisting of the death penalty or execution;
  • Article 15(b) QDserious harm consisting of torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment of an applicant in the country of origin;
  • Article 15(c) QDserious harm consisting of serious and individual threat to a civilian’s life or person by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict.