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List of abbreviations


ACCORD: Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation 
ACM: Alto Comissariado para as Migrações (Portugal, High Commissioner for Migration)
ADEM: Agence pour le développement de l’emploi (Luxembourg, Agency for the Employment Development)
AEAJ: Association of European Administrative Judges
AGAJ: Administration Générale de l'Aide à la Jeunesse (Belgium, General Administration of Youth Care)
AIDA: Asylum Information Database
ALFACA: Alternative Family Care (Belgium)
AMIF: Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund
ANVS: Autoriteit Nucleaire Veiligheid en Stralingsbescherming (The Netherlands, Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection)
APD: Asylum Procedure Directive, Directive 2013/32/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection (recast). 
AsylA: Swiss Asylum Act of 26 June 1998


BAMF: Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge (Germany, Federal Office for Migration and Refugees)
BCPs: Border crossing points
BFA: Bundesamt für Fremdenwesen und Asyl (Austria, Federal Office for Immigration and Asylum)
BIA: Best Interest Assessment 
BID: Best Interest Determination 
BVwG: Bundesverwaltungsgericht (Austria, Federal Administrative Court)


CAED: Centros de Acogida de Emergencia y Derivación (Spain, Centres for Emergency Reception and Referral)
CAES: Centres d’Accueil et d’Examen des Situations (France)
CALL: Council of Alien Law Litigation (Belgium)
CARA: Centri di Accoglienza per Richiedenti Asilo (Italy, Centers for Accommodation of Asylum Seekers)
CAS: Centri di Accoglienza Straordinaria (Italy, Emergency Reception Centres)
CATE: Centro de Atención Temporal de Extranjeros (Spain, Centres for the Temporary Reception of Foreigners)
CDA: Centri di Accoglienza (Italy, Accommodation Centers)
CEAR: Comisión Española de Ayuda al Refugiado (Spain, Spanish Commission for Refugee Aid)
CEAS: Common European Asylum System
Cedoca: Documentation and Research Centre (Belgium)
CEPS: Centre for European Policy Studies
CESEDA: Code de l’entrée et du séjour des étrangers et du droit d'asile (France, Code of the entry and residence regulation, and asylum right)
CGRS: Commissatiat Général aux Réfugiés et aux Apatrides (Belgium, Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless persons) 
CIE: Centro de Internamiento de Extranjeros (Spain, Detention Centres for Foreigners)
CIR: Republican Integration Contract (France, Contrat d’Intégration Républicaine) 
CJEU: Court of Justice of the European Union 
CNDA: Court Nationale du Droit D’Asile (France, National Court of Asylum)
COA: Central Orgaan opvang Asielzoekers (The Netherlands, Central Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers)
COI: Country of Origin Information 
COI-CMSCountry of Origin Information - Content Management System 
CPH: Centres Provisoires d’Hébergement (France, Provisional Accommodation Centres)
CPR: Centri permanenti per il rimpatrio (Italy, Permanent Centres for the repatriation)
CPT: European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
CSDP: Common Security and Defence Policy
CSORHC: Central State Office for Reconstruction and Housing Care (Croacia)


DASPAS: Dispositive de Scolarisation et d’Accueil  spécifique à destination des élèves primo-arrivants (France, Reception and Schooling for first-time students)
DCR: Danish Refugee Council 
DGMM: Directorate General of Migration Management 
DJI: Dienst Justitiële Inrichtingen (The Netherlands, Custodial Institutions Agency)
DNA: Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DP: Democratic Party (Luxembourg)


EASO: European Asylum Support Office
EBTL: Extra Begeleiding en Toezicht Lokatie (The Netherlands, Extra Guidance and Surveillance Location)
EC or COMM: European Commission 
ECHR: European Convention on Human Rights
ECRE: European Council on Refugees and Exiles
ECtHR: European Court of Human Rights 
EFJCA: European Family Justice Centre Alliance (Belgium)
EJTN: European Judicial Training Network
EKKA: Ethniko Kentro Koinonikis Alilegiis (Greece, National Centre for Social Security) 
ELI: European Law Institute 
EMLO: European Migration Liaison Officers
EMN: European Migration Network
ENAC: EASO Network on Activities on Children 
ENS: European Network on Statelessness
EPS: EASO Early Warning and Preparedness System
ERA: Academy European Law 
ERRIN: European Return and Reintegration Network
ESSN: Emergency Social Safety Net programme
EU+: EU Member States, Norway, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Iceland 
EU-LISA: European Union Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
UNAVFORMED: European Union Naval Force Mediterranean
Euratom: European Atomic Energy Community 
EURODAC: European Asylum Dactyloscopy Database
Eurojust: European Union’s Judicial Cooperation Unit 
Europol: European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation 
EUROSTAT: European Statistics


Fedasil: Federal Agency for the reception of asylum seekers (Belgium)
FGM: Female genital mutilation 
FRA: European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 
Frontex: European Border and Coast Guard Agency
FTEs: Full-time equivalent 


GAR: General Annual Report 
GAS: Greek Asylum Service
GUDA: Guichet Uniques de Demandeurs d’Asile (France, single point of application for asylum)


HHC: Hungarian Helsinki Committee


IARMJ: International Association of Refugee and Migration Judges
ID: Identity Document 
IDS: EASO Information and Documentation System 
IGJ: Inspectie Gezondheidszorg en Jeugd (The Netherlands, Inspectorate for Health and Youth Care)
IMDi: Integrerings- og mangfoldsdirektoratet (Norway, Directorate of Integration and Diversity)
IND: Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst (The Netherlands, Immigration and Naturalisation Service) 
IOM: International Organisation for Migration
IPA II: Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance, programme for 2014-2020. 
IPAC: International Protection Administrative Court (Cyprus)
IPO: International Protection Office (Ireland)
IvenJ: Inspectie Justitie en Veiligheid (The Netherlands, Inspectorate of Justice and Security)


JLD: Juge des Libertés et de la Détention (France, Judge of Freedoms and Detention)


KEELPNO: Hellenic Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (Greece)


LAPSO: Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders (UK)
LGBTI: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex
LSAP: Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party


MedCOI: Medical Country of Origin Information 
MENA: Middle East and North Africa region 
MFF: Multiannual Financial Framework 
MI MOI: Medical Institution of the Ministry of the Interior (Czechia)
MPI: Migration Policy Institute Europe
MSF: Safe Passage and Medicines Sans Frontieres
Nasc: Migration and Refugee Rights, Ireland


NGO: Non-governmental organisation
NIDV: Národní institut pro další vzdělávání (Czechia, National Institute for Further Education)
NIEM: The National Integration Evaluation Mechanism
NMU: New Media Unit (Belgium)
NPIS:  National Police Immigration Service (Norway)


OAR: Oficina de Asilo y Refugio (Spain, Office of Asylum and Refugee)
OCMA: Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs (Latvia)
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 
OFII: Français de l’Immigration et de l’Intégration (France, Office of Immigration and Integration)
OFPRA: Office Français de Protection des Réfugiés et Apatrides (France, French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless) 
OLAI: Office luxembourgeois de l'accueil et de l'intégration (Luxembourg Reception and Integration Agency)


PADA: Plateforme d’Accueil de Demandeurs d’Asile (France, Orientation Platform for Asylum Seekers)
PAN: Plan d’action national pluriannuel d’intégration et de lute contre les discriminations (Luxembourg, National Action Plan for Integration and Against Discrimination)
PBGB: Police and Border Guard Board (Estonia)
PES: Public Employment Service (Sweden)
PIA: Parcours d’Intégration Accompagné (Luxembourg, Guide Integration Trail)
PRD: Pôles Régionaux Dublin (France, Regional Poles Dublin)


OQTF: Obligation de quitter le territoire français (France, Obligation to leave France)
QD: Recast Qualification Directive / Directive 2011/95 EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on standards for the qualification of third-country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection, for a uniform status for refugees or for persons eligible for subsidiary protection, and for the content of the protection granted (recast).


RAO: Regional Asylum Offices (Greece)
RD/RCD: Reception Directive / Directive 2013/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (recast).
RDPP: Regional Development and Protection Programme
RESOMA: Research Social Platform on Migration and Asylum
REVIS: Revenu d’Inclusion Social (Luxembourg, Social Inclusion Income)
RSF: Resettlement Support Facility
RWN: Rijkswet op het Nederlanderschap (The Netherlands Nationality Act)


S.I.: Statutory Instruments (Ireland)
SAR: Search and rescue operations
SAR: State Agency for Refugees (Bulgaria)
SAVE: Support Action for Vulnerability Emergence project (Italy)
SBGS: State Border Guard Service (Lithuania)
SEF: Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras (Portugal, Immigration and Borders Service (Portugal)
SEM: Staatssekretariat für Migration (Switzerland, State Secretariat for Migration)
SGB: Social Code (Germany)
SGBV: Sexual and Gender-Based Violence
SIPROIMI: Sistema di protezione per titolari di protezione internazionale e per minori stranieri non accompagnati (Italy, System of protection for beneficiaries of international protection and Unaccompanied Foreign Minors, ex-SPRAR). 
SIS: Slovak Information Service
SMA: Swedish Migration Agency
SPADA: Structures de Premier Accueil des Demandeurs d’Asile (France, Asylum seekers first reception centres
SPRAR: Protection System for Asylum Seekers and Refugees
SRA: Specific Residence Authorisation (Malta)


TCNs: Third-Country Nationals 
TCs: Third Countries
TEU: Treaty of the European Union 
TFEU: Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
THBNet: EASO Expert Network on Trafficking in Human Beings 
THPN: Temporary Humanitarian Protection New (Malta)
TJS: Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Madrid (Spain)
TUI: Testo Unico Immigrazione (Italy, Legislative DecreeNo 286 dated 25 July 1998)


UAMs: Unaccompanied minors
UDI: Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (Utlendingsdirektoratet)
UNE: Norwegian Immigration Appeals’ Board (Utlendingsnemnda)
UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICEF: The United Nationals Children’s Fund
UNRWA: United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees


VIA: Verdere Integratie op de Arbeidsmarkt (The Netherlands, Further Integration on the Labor Market)
VNG OTAV: Vereniging van Nederlandse Gemeenten, OndersteuningsTeam Asielzoekers en Vergunninghouders (The Netherlands, Association of Netherlands Municipalities, Association of Netherlands Municipalities Asylum Seekers and Permit Holders Support Team)