Please note that this country guidance document has been replaced by a more recent one. The latest versions of country guidance documents are available at https://easo.europa.eu/country-guidance.
This profile includes people who belong to the Baha’i religion.
Sources indicate that the Baha’i faith is considered a form of blasphemy, based on a fatwa issued in 2007 by the General Directorate of Fatwa and Accounts, under the Supreme Court. Under the ruling, Baha’i practitioners and converts to the faith are viewed as ‘infidels’ or ‘apostates’. However, there are no reports of Baha’i practitioners being charged for either crimes as of 2016 [Society-based targeting, 2.5].
The acts to which individuals under this profile could be exposed are of such severe nature that they would amount to persecution (e.g. death penalty, violent attacks).
In the case of the Baha’i (considered blasphemers or apostates), in general, well-founded fear of persecution would be substantiated.
Nexus to a reason for persecution
Available information indicates that persecution of this profile is for reasons of religion.
See also the profile concerning 2.16 Individuals considered to have committed blasphemy and/or apostasy.