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Daykundi province has a population of approximately 517 000. Daykundi is part of the ‘Hazarajat’ and has a majority Hazara population, with a minority of Pashtuns, Balochs and Sayed/Sadat. It borders Ghor, Bamyan, Ghazni, Uruzgan and Helmand. It consists of ten districts. Daykundi has an airport where small planes can land.
Daykundi is considered as one of the more stable provinces in Afghanistan, due to the social cohesion among its inhabitants. However, attacks by the Taliban have been reported and a deterioration of the security situation in some districts could be observed.
Most of Daykundi’s districts were categorised by LWJ as under government control. Gizab/Patoo was indicated as contested, and Kajran district as ‘unconfirmable’.
According to sources, Taliban infiltration from insecure areas in neighbouring provinces took place and resulted in several Taliban attacks, mainly in the districts of Kajran and Gizab/Patoo.
No security incidents specifically related to ISKP have been reported.
ACLED collected data on 40 violent events in the period from 1 March 2019 to 30 June 2020 (average of 0.6 incidents per week), of which 29 were coded as ‘battles’, eight as ‘explosions/remote violence’ and three as ‘violence against civilians’.
‘Battles’ included mostly armed clashes, in which Taliban attacked security forces or vice versa. Air/drone strikes were reported in Kajran district. Also, in May 2019 in Nawmesh district civilians were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
UNAMA documented 70 civilian casualties (44 death and 26 injured) in 2019, representing 14 civilian victims per 100 000 inhabitants. This was an increase of 71 % compared to 2018. The leading cause for the civilian casualties were non-suicide IEDs, followed by ground engagements and aerial operations.
RS ranked Daykundi in the category of provinces where the number of civilian casualties was between 0 and 25 for the first quarter of 2020; between 0 and 25 civilian casualties were also recorded in the second quarter.
In the period 1 March 2019 – 30 June 2020, 2 390 persons were displaced from the province of Daykundi, the majority of whom found refuge in the province itself. Most of the IDPs were displaced from Kajran and Gizab/Patoo districts. No conflict-induced internal displacement to Daykundi province from other provinces was reported in this period.
Looking at the indicators, it can be concluded that indiscriminate violence is taking place in the province of Daykundi at such a low level that in general there is no real risk for a civilian to be personally affected by reason of indiscriminate violence within the meaning of Article 15(c) QD. However, individual elements always need to be taken into account as they could put the applicant in risk-enhancing situations.
Main COI reference: Security situation 2020, 2.7