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The province of Kapisa has a population of approximately 488 000. The main ethnic groups in Kapisa are Tajik, Pashtun, and Nuristani. The province is situated in central-eastern Afghanistan, surrounded by the provinces of Panjshir, Laghman, Kabul and Parwan. Kapisa is divided in seven districts. A primary road connects the capital of Kapisa to Kabul City. The province is considered of strategic importance due to its location.
According to LWJ, three districts in Kapisa province were contested and the other four were under government control or undetermined.
Taliban activity was reported in the province. Some presence of ISKP was also reported.
ACLED collected data on 265 violent events in the period from 1 March 2019 to 30 June 2020 (average of 3.8 incidents per week), of which 206 were coded as ‘battles’, 49 as ‘explosions/remote violence’ and 10 as ‘violence against civilians’.
Examples of incidents include armed clashes led by the Taliban against Afghan security forces, attacks on checkpoints held by military or police forces, as well as attacks on police convoys. Operations and attacks by Afghan security forces were carried out against Taliban in several operations in Nejrab district in April 2019. Airstrikes by US forces were also reported, causing civilian casualties.
Further impact on the civilian population included the collection of ushr taxes from Tagab’s residents by the Taliban as well as by the ALP.
UNAMA documented 124 civilian casualties (49 deaths and 75 injured) in 2019, representing 25 civilian victims per 100 000 inhabitants. This was a decrease of 11 % compared to 2018. The leading causes for the civilian casualties were ground engagements, followed by non-suicide IEDs and airstrikes.
RS ranked Kapisa in the category of provinces where the number of civilian casualties was between 51 and 75 for the first quarter of 2020; between 51 and 75 civilian casualties were also recorded in the second quarter.
In the period 1 March 2019 – 30 June 2020, 924 persons were displaced from the province of Kapisa, mainly within the province itself or in the neighbouring Kabul and Parwan provinces. In the same period, 193 persons were displaced to Kapisa province from other provinces.
|Looking at the indicators, it can be concluded that indiscriminate violence is taking place in the province of Kapisa, however not at a high level and, accordingly, a higher level of individual elements is required in order to show substantial grounds for believing that a civilian, returned to the territory, would face a real risk of serious harm within the meaning of Article 15(c) QD.
Main COI reference: Security situation 2020, 2.17