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Please note that this country guidance document has been replaced by a more recent one. The latest versions of country guidance documents are available at

The contents of this section include:
Article 15(a) QD: death penalty or execution;
Article 15(b) QD: torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;
Article 15(c) QDserious and individual threat to a civilian’s life or person by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict.