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Country Guidance Afghanistan 2021

Publication date: 11 November 2021

The 'Country Guidance: Afghanistan' represents Member States' joint assessment of the situation in the country of origin in relation to the applicable international and EU legislation on international protection. The guidance note, accompanied by the common analysis, was agreed by the Country Guidance Network of senior policy officials in October 2021 and was endorsed by the EASO Management Board in November 2021.

In addition to this electronic publication, the 'Country Guidance: Afghanistan' (November 2021) is available in pdf format.



You can find the ‘Guidance Note: Afghanistan’ (November 2021), summarising the main conclusions of the common analysis, in the following languages:

[BG] [CS] [DE] [DA] [EL] [ES] [FI] [FR] [HR] [IT] [NL] [PL] [PT] [RO] [SK] [SL] [SV]

The 'Country Guidance: Afghanistan' applies the common legislative framework regarding qualification for international protection in an in-depth analysis of the situation in the country. The analysis and conclusions in this document are based on the most up-to-date EASO country of origin information reports, which were available at the time of its completion.

The 'Country Guidance: Afghanistan' aims to provide assistance to decision-makers and policy-makers in the EU and beyond, by addressing the following topics:

  • actors of persecution or serious harm (Article 6 of the Qualification Directive);
  • refugee status and analysis of the protection needs of specific profiles of applicants encountered in practice (Article 9 and 10 of the Qualification Directive);
  • subsidiary protection, including the risk of death penalty or execution (Article 15(a) of the Qualification Directive); torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (Article 15(b) of the Qualification Directive); and serious and individual threat to a civilian’s life or person by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict (Article 15(c) of the Qualification Directive);
  • actors of protection (Article 7 of the Qualification Directive);
  • internal protection alternative (Article 8 of the Qualification Directive); and
  • exclusion (Article 12 and Article 17 of the Qualification Directive).


Learn more about the 'Country Guidance: Afghanistan', its basis and scope, and the methodology for its development, in the section Introduction.


© European Asylum Support Office, 2021
ISBN 978-92-9465-547-9
DOI 10.2847/160000
Catalogue number BZ-06-21-147-EN-Q