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Last updated: January 2021

The first step in the analysis of IPA is to identify a particular part of the country with regard to which the criteria of Article 8 QD would be examined in the individual case.

The examples of Baghdad, Basrah and Erbil are selected as the three most important economic centres in Iraq.
When identifying the part of the country to be considered for IPA, the case officer should take into account the ethno-religious background of the applicant and the region they originate from. In general:
     ▪  For individuals of Kurdish ethnicity IPA would be considered in KRI.
     ▪  For Arab applicants, IPA would be assessed with regard to other parts of Iraq.
     ▪  In the case of ethno-religious minorities, IPA should primarily be assessed with regard to the                region where their communities are concentrated.

Existing ties with the place, such as previous experience and/or availability of a support network could, for example, be taken into account.