Last update: February 2023
In the context of Syria, numerous circumstances may require consideration of the potential applicability of exclusion grounds.
Relevant circumstances could include:
- The Syrian intervention in the Lebanese civil war and presence in Lebanon (1976-2005)
- The Muslim Brotherhood Uprising in Syria (1979-1982) which comprised the Hama Massacre (February 1982)
- Current conflicts (2011-ongoing)
General guidance with regard to the assessment of such circumstances in light of the relevant provisions of the QD is provided in the next sections.