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Last update: February 2023

While the conclusions under this common analysis could provide general guidance, the protection needs of each applicant should be examined individually. The non-exhaustive lists of examples with regard to sub-profiles at a differentiated risk and to circumstances, which would normally increase or decrease the risk, are to be taken into account in light of all circumstances in the individual case.

In some cases, even if the applicant no longer belongs to a certain profile, they may still be targeted and have a well-founded fear of persecution related to their past belonging to such a profile. In the individual assessment, it may be relevant to take into account the time that has passed and whether the applicant had remained in Syria for a long period of time without encountering persecution.

Family members, merely due to their relation to an individual within a certain profile, may be at risk of persecution in such a manner that could constitute the basis for refugee status.

The individual applicant could fall under more than one profile included in this common analysis. The protection needs associated with all such circumstances should be fully examined.

The considerations under each profile should, furthermore, be viewed without prejudice to the credibility assessment of the applicant’s claims. This common analysis deals solely with issues of risk analysis and qualification.

For each profile, and in some cases, for the relevant sub-profiles, the sections below provide:

  • COI summary: outline of the factual basis of the analysis and the main elements taken into account when reaching the respective assessment of protection needs.
  • Risk analysis: findings whether the treatment that an individual under the profile risks would amount to persecution and an assessment of the level of risk, along with guidance on risk-impacting circumstances which may be relevant.
  • Nexus to a reason for persecution: conclusions with regard to the potential nexus to a reason for persecution in accordance with the refugee definition.

The order of listed profiles does not reflect any assessment of the risk of persecution.