Skip to main content

Last update: February 2023

This section provides guidance concerning the assessment of subsidiary protection needs under Article 15 QD.

  • Article 15(a) QD: death penalty or execution.
  • Article 15(b) QD: torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
  • Article 15(c) QD: serious and individual threat to a civilian's life or person by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict.