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Courts and Tribunals

The EUAA supports members of court and tribunals through dedicated judicial publications and activities.

The EUAA support to courts and tribunals - Watch the video

The EUAA support to courts and tribunals aims at promoting the effective and consistent implementation of the Common European Asylum System and is the result of a close working collaboration between the EUAA and a dedicated network. This support is entirely intended for the benefit of the members of courts and tribunals across Europe who are working in this highly specialised area of the law.

The EUAA coordinates the Courts and Tribunals Network and produces high-quality materials designed to support judicial practitioners in their daily tasks and to form the basis for capacity building activities.

EUAA Courts and Tribunals Network
EUAA Courts and Tribunals Network

The EUAA has developed a network that has consistently grown over the years. Courts and tribunals from all EU+ countries, as well as the following key stakeholders, are represented in the network:

  • The Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.
  • International and European judicial associations: the International Association of Refugee and Migration Judges and the Association of European Administrative Judges.
  • Other stakeholders, such as the European Judicial Training Network, the Academy of European Law, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Since 2013, the network has been meeting every year for its Annual Coordination and Planning Meeting. These meetings focus on strategic and thematic issues.

EUAA Judicial Publications

The EUAA Judicial Publications are specifically tailored to the needs of members of courts and tribunals competent in asylum matters.  This series is primarily intended for use by members of courts and tribunals of EU Member States who are concerned with hearing appeals or conducting reviews of decisions on applications for international protection.

These dedicated publications were initially developed to serve as a support for the judicial workshops that the EUAA Courts and Tribunals Sector organises on a regular basis. Over the years, this series has also become a reference work for judicial professionals and aims at fostering convergence in the implementation of the legal instruments of the Common European Asylum System. 

The EUAA judicial publications comprise judicial analyses, judicial trainers’ guidance notes and compilations of jurisprudence, apart from country of origin information, which comprises a judicial practical guide accompanied by a compilation of jurisprudence. All materials are developed in English and are translated in several languages. The judicial trainers’ guidance notes related to each judicial analysis are intended for the professionals delivering judicial training and are only available on request.

The publications cover the following topics:

Core Topics:

  • Qualification for international protection (Directive 2011/95/EU)
  • Evidence and credibility assessment in the context of the Common European Asylum System
  • Asylum procedures and the principle of non-refoulement

Horizontal Topics: 

  • Introduction to the Common European Asylum System for courts and tribunals
  • Country of origin information
  • Vulnerability in the context of applications for international protection

Expert Topics:

  • Exclusion: Articles 12 and 17 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)
  • Ending international protection
  • Detention of applicants for international protection in the context of the Common European Asylum System
  • Reception of applicants for international protection - Reception Conditions Directive (2013/33/EU)
Consult and download the publications in PDF format in different language versions.
EUAA Judicial Workshops

The EUAA organises judicial workshops which are based on an EUAA judicial analysis. In addition, judicial trainers’ guidance notes provide points for discussion, case studies, moot court exercises and other interactive exercises.

The reader will find all the necessary information on their content, methodology and practical organisation in the Catalogue of the EUAA judicial workshops for members of courts and tribunals.


In addition, the EUAA provides ad hoc support in response to requests received from courts and tribunals in Member States as well as third countries, in line with the EUAA External Cooperation Strategy. The EUAA also organises conferences and seminars to bring together judges from all Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.

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EUAA Expert Panels
EUAA Expert panels

The EUAA Expert Panels are a new set of webinars aimed at members of courts and tribunals who wish to deepen their expert knowledge in specific areas of the CEAS. 

The panels facilitate the exchange of views, interpretations, recent national case law, best practices on challenging topics and recent developments in the case law of the CJEU and ECtHR.

Past Expert Panels


Balancing mutual trust and fundamental rights in inadmissibility cases: an increasing challenge for international protection judges?, 18 June 2021

The asylum judge in search of convergence: protecting what and how?, 18 November 2021

Joint EUAA/FRA Expert Panel: Fundamental rights and access to asylum procedures at the external borders, 27 April 2022

Evidence and Credibility Assessment in Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity/Expression (SOGIE) -based claims, 12 October 2022

Towards a common definition of public order and national security in international and temporary protection cases?, 30 November 2022

Challenges related to mutual trust concerns raised in appeals within the Dublin III procedure, 5 April 2023

The use of safe country concepts in the jurisprudence of European and national courts and tribunals, 28 June 2023

The interplay between return proceedings, the CEAS and fundamental rights, 30 November 2023

Expert Panel on the topic: Violence against women in the context of international protection, 10 April 2024


EUAA Judicial Experts' Pool

The Courts and Tribunals Sector collaborates closely with the EUAA Judicial Experts’ Pool, which currently consists of 99 experts from 18 EU+ countries. With a truly transnational character, the pool further reflects the diversity of members of courts and tribunals working in the field of international protection, from all levels of the judiciary. The experts, with their deep-rooted knowledge of the Common European Asylum System and first-hand experience in international protection cases, design and deliver judicial workshops in addition to contributing to ad hoc capacity building activities for their colleagues across Europe.

Annual Meeting of the Judicial Experts’ Pool, Malta, December 2022

 Annual Meeting of the Judicial Experts’ Pool, Malta, December 2022.

More information on what being a member of the EUAA Judicial Experts Pool entails. If you are interested in joining the pool, please get in touch with us at