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2. Is the act a violation of a non-derogable human right or a sufficiently severe violation of another basic human right?

a. Which rights?

Non-derogable human rights’ refers to rights that are absolute and may not be subject to any derogation, even in time of war or emergency. Article 15(2) of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) provides a list of rights that may not be suspended under any circumstances.

Other ‘basic human rights’ could be derived from relevant human rights instruments, such as the following.

Whether the human rights listed in these instruments can be considered to qualify as ‘basic’ will be a matter of analysis of whether they are rights which are of fundamental importance and inherently belong to each individual.

b. What severity?

In order to assess whether the violation of basic rights is sufficiently severe, the case officer should look at whether and to what extent the mistreatment affects the possibility to enjoy the respective right.

If the act does not fall under the above, the case officer should move to step 3.