Operational standards and indicators on the reception conditions of unaccompanied minors 

Chapter  Subchapter  Standard

 Indicators

4. Day-to-day care

16. Ensure the day-to-day care of the unaccompanied
child in the accommodation
centre (a) or in individual housing (b).

16.1 a) (Child) reception staff is present in the accommodation centre 24/7.

16.1 b) Child reception staff is specifically present when the unaccompanied child is in the accommodation centre meaning before and after school hours, during weekends and school holidays.

16.1 c) If members of staff present at night are not child reception staff, they must as a minimum, be trained in child protection and the rights of the child and have the necessary information on the specific situation of the unaccompanied children in the accommodation centre.

16 1 d) The presence of the unaccompanied child
in the accommodation centre is monitored at least once a day to be sure the child has not absconded.

OR

16.2 a) When the unaccompanied child lives in individual housing, child reception staff are contactable 24/7.

16.2 b) Child reception staff visits the unaccompanied child accommodated in individual housing at least twice a week.

16.2 c) The presence of the unaccompanied child in individual housing is monitored during the home visits to be sure the child has not absconded.

16.3 The unaccompanied child is supported in its everyday life and activities.

16.4 The unaccompanied child is provided with help with homework and tutoring.

17. The day-to-day care is organised according to a specific method for the care of unaccompanied
children.

17.1 The method for the care of unaccompanied children is outlined in a handbook, known and applied by all child reception staff responsible for the day-to-day care in the reception facility.

17.2 The handbook contains at least a description of the objectives of the dayto-day care and of a conversation cycle in which these objectives and the outcome for the unaccompanied child are discussed with the child, as well as for his/her safety, future perspectives, skills and special needs.

17.3 The child reception staff discusses the objectives of the day-to-day care and the outcome on a regular basis with the representative and the unaccompanied
child.

18. The unaccompanied
child is prepared to become autonomous and to live an independent
life later on.

18.1 Skills related to autonomy are assessed on a regular basis.

18.2 The unaccompanied child is provided with support and training on home budget management and the responsible consumption of energy.

18.3 The unaccompanied child is provided with
support and training on cleaning and how to do laundry.

18.4 The unaccompanied child is provided with support and training on cooking skills

19. Safeguard and
promote the unaccompanied
child’s health and wellbeing, and strengthen
resilience.

19.1 The unaccompanied child’s psychological wellbeing and mental health is taken into account and safeguarded during day-today care.

19.2 The unaccompanied child has access to awareness raising activities on the risks of drugs and alcohol use, according to its age and maturity.

19.3 The unaccompanied child has access to awareness raising activities on sexual and reproductive health, and on gender roles, according to its age and maturity.

19.4 The unaccompanied child is provided with a minimum of information and training aiming at strengthening it against all forms of mental and sexual or other forms of physical abuse and neglect

20. Support and
follow up the mental and social development of the
unaccompanied
child through a standardised care
plan.


20.1 The background, needs, skills and future prospects of the unaccompanied child are assessed by the child reception staff as standard elements of the  unaccompanied child’s care plan, with its participation.

20.2 The mental and social development of the unaccompanied child is discussed among relevant caretakers from different disciplines (multidisciplinary approach).

20.3 Information on the mental and social development of the unaccompanied child is exchanged with the representative on a regular basis.

20.4 When the unaccompanied child is transferred to a new reception facility, the care plan is transmitted before or no later than the day of transfer, with respect of the principle of confidentiality.

21. Ensure effective
access to leisure
activities, including play and recreational
activities appropriate to unaccompanied
children’s age.

21.1 There is a daily access to a variety of leisure activities, both indoor and outdoor, according to age and after consultation with the unaccompanied children.

21.2 Leisure activities are organised and supervised by child reception staff and/ or other responsible adults involved in childcare.

21.3 a) Unaccompanied children 0-12 can play daily in a safe space adapted to their age and under supervision AND
21.3 b) A minimum range of sport activities appropriated to the unaccompanied child’s age are regularly provided.

21.4 Internet access and its duration is age appropriate and is regulated and supervised by the staff.