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4.2. Article 15(b) QD: torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

Last update: August 2023

Article 15(b) QD

As noted in the chapter on 3. Refugee status, some profiles of applicants from Somalia may be at risk of torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. In such cases, there would often be a nexus to a reason for persecution falling under the definition of a refugee, and those individuals would qualify for refugee status. However, with reference to cases where there is no nexus to a Convention ground, the need for subsidiary protection under Article 15(b) QD should be examined.

For general guidance on the approach on Article 15(b) QD in country guidance documents, see 'Country Guidance: explained'.