Last update: February 2019

The first step in the analysis of IPA is to identify a particular part of the country with regard to which the criteria of Article 8 QD would be examined in the individual case.

The demographics of the area should be taken into account, including its prominent religion, ethnicity, etc. Large cities, such as Lagos, could generally be considered as a possible IPA for different profiles of applicants, due to being more ethnically and religiously diverse.

When choosing a particular part of Nigeria with regard to which to examine the applicability of IPA where relevant, existing ties with the place, such as previous experience and/or existence of a support network, could, for example, be taken into account.


This chapter analyses and provides guidance on the applicability of IPA in Nigeria in general, with a focus on the situation in Lagos as an example.