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Last update: October 2021

Enugu state is composed of 17 LGAs and its capital is Enugu city. The state’s estimated population was 4 411 119 in 2016.

The main actors in the security situation in Enugu state were police services, unidentified gunmen, #EndSARS protesters, IPOB and different communities. In 2020, conflicts in Enugu state were mainly around clashes between communities over land. Enugu state government has tasked a security outfit with providing security in the land areas contested in the farmer-herder conflict.

In August 2020, a clash between IPOB and police forces led to casualties by both parties. In October 2020, during #EndSARS protests people were killed or wounded. Cases of abductions were reported in Enugu.

During 2020, ACLED reported a total of 18 security incidents (1 battles, 12 cases of violence against civilians, 5 incidents of riots) in Enugu state (average of 0.3 security incident per week). Security incidents took place in 9 out of 17 LGAs, with the largest overall number (5) being recorded in the LGA of Nsukka LGA.

The abovementioned security incidents resulted in 5 deaths. Compared to the estimated population in the state, this represents less than 1 fatality per 100 000 inhabitants.

From 1 January to 30 April 2021, ACLED reported a total of 6 security incidents (3 battles, 2 cases of violence against civilians, 1 incident of riots) in Enugu state (average of 0.4 security incident per week). These security incidents resulted in 10 deaths.

Information on the number of conflict-related IDPs and on the number of returnees in Enugu state could not be found.


Looking at the indicators, it can be concluded that in the state of Enugu there is, in general, no real risk for a civilian to be personally affected within the meaning of Article 15(c) QD.
Main COI reference: Security situation 2021, 2.24