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Last update: October 2021

Jigawa State is composed of 27 LGAs and its capital is Dutse city. The state’s estimated population was 5 828 163 in 2016. 

Actors in Jigawa state’s conflicts include local communal militias, unidentified gunmen, kidnappers and robbers, and herders and farmers. In 2019 and 2020, Jigawa state experienced several farmer-herder confrontations resulting in casualties. Furthermore, several kidnappings took place in the same period. Jigawa State police was reported to have intervened in some violent incidents. Furthermore, the state had one of the lowest number of fatalities from crime in 2020.

During 2020, ACLED reported a total of 15 security incidents (7 battles, 2 cases of violence against civilians, 6 incidents of riots) in Jigawa state (average of 0.3 security incidents per week). Security incidents took place in 10 out of 27 LGAs, with the largest overall number (2) being recorded in the LGAs of Garki and Guri.

The abovementioned security incidents resulted in 15 deaths. Compared to the estimated population in 2016 in the governorate, this represents less than 1 fatality per 100 000 inhabitants.

From 1 January to 30 April 2021, ACLED reported a total of 3 security incidents (2 cases of violence against civilians, 1 incident of riot) in Jigawa state (average of 0.2 security incident per week). These security incidents resulted in 2 deaths.

IOM-DTM data showed that 87 % of the IDPs in North-West and North-Central regions were displaced within their state of origin, and 13 % were displaced from a different state. As of January 2021, 419 457 IDPs were registered in the North-West region. No specific data were found for Jigawa state with regard to number of IDPs and returnees.

Road security in the north-west was affected by incidents of kidnappings and robberies.


Looking at the indicators, it can be concluded that in the state of Jigawa there is, in general, no real risk for a civilian to be personally affected within the meaning of Article 15(c) QD.
Main COI reference: Security situation 2021, 2.1