Skip to main content
Last update: October 2021

Gombe state is composed of 11 LGAs and its capital is Gombe city. The state’s estimated population was 3 256 962 in 2016.

Although Gombe had experienced several Boko Harm attacks in the past (in particular in 2014-2015), in recent years the state did not experience the ‘levels of violent extremism’ noted in other North-East region states. Actors in violent incidents recorded by ACLED in Gombe are ISWAP, local militias, and rioters.

In 2020, fatalities and destruction of houses were recorded during a clash between ISWAP and local militia and during a communal clash between armed militias of ethnic groups.

During 2020, ACLED reported a total of 3 security incidents (1 battles, 1 case of violence against civilians, 1 incidents of riots) in Gombe state (average of 0.1 security incidents per week). Security incidents took place only in the LGA of Gombe.

The abovementioned security incidents resulted in 3 deaths. Compared to the estimated population in the state, this represents less than 1 fatality per 100 000 inhabitants.

From 1 January to 30 April 2021, ACLED reported a total of 3 security incidents (2 battles, 1 incident of riot) in Gombe state (average of 0.2 security incidents per week). These security incidents resulted in 17 deaths.

Of the IDPs in North-East region, 89 % were displaced within their state of origin. The total number of IDPs for Gombe by November 2020 was 39 532. Gombe had the lowest number of IDPs in the North-East region. No specific data were found for Kano state with regard to the number of returnees.


Looking at the indicators, it can be concluded that in the state of Gombe there is, in general, no real risk for a civilian to be personally affected within the meaning of Article 15(c) QD.
Main COI reference: Security situation 2021, 2.11