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Last update: October 2021

Bauchi state is composed of 20 LGAs and its capital is Bauchi city. The state’s estimated population was 6 537 314 in 2016.

Although Bauchi had experienced several Boko Harm attacks in the past (2014-2015), during recent years the state did not experience the levels of violent extremism noted in other North-East region states. Actors in the violent incidents recorded in the state included mainly unidentified armed groups, local militias, herders and farmers and Nigerian security forces. Security agencies in Bauchi state were taking measures to address the insecurity in the area.  

In November 2020, it was reported that Bauchi state was experiencing an increase in kidnapping, banditry, rape, cattle rustling, especially around Falgore forest at the border with Kano state. Security incidents resulting in casualties included clashes between armed groups and vigilantes, attacks by unidentified gunmen, and armed clashes between herders and farmers.

During 2020, ACLED reported a total of 11 security incidents (1 battle, 7 cases of violence against civilians, 3 incidents of riots) in Bauchi state (average of 0.2 security incidents per week). Security incidents took place in 3 out of 20 LGAs, with the largest overall number (7) being recorded in the LGA of Bauchi.

The abovementioned security incidents resulted in 18 deaths. Compared to the estimated population in the state, this represents less than 1 fatality per 100 000 inhabitants.

From 1 January to 30 April 2021, ACLED reported a total of 6 security incidents (1 battle, 3 cases of violence against civilians, 2 incidents of riots) in Bauchi state (average of 0.4 security incidents per week). These security incidents resulted in 3 deaths.

Of the IDPs in North-East region, 89 % were displaced within their state of origin. The total number of IDPs for Bauchi by November 2020 was 66 062.  Bauchi had one of the lowest numbers of IDPs in the North-East region. No specific data were found for Bauchi state with regard to the number of returnees.


Looking at the indicators, it can be concluded that in the state of Bauchi there is, in general, no real risk for a civilian to be personally affected within the meaning of Article 15(c) QD.
Main COI reference: Security situation 2021, 2.9