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Case law referenced in the common analysis

Actors of persecution or serious harm

Reasons for persecution - religion

Reasons for persecution – membership of a particular social group





Article 15(b) QD

Article 15(c) QD






Actors of protection

Internal protection alternative








For additional information on relevant case law see:

EUAA Practical Guides:

Available at:

  • EUAA Practical Guide: Qualification for international protection
  • EUAA Practical Guide: Exclusion
  • EUAA Guidance on membership of a particular social group
  • EUAA Practical guide on the application of the internal protection alternative
  • EUAA Practical Guide on Exclusion for Serious (Non-Political) Crimes
Judicial analyses:

Available at:

  • Judicial Analysis ‘Qualification for International Protection (Directive 2011/95/EU)
  • Judicial Analysis ‘Article 15(c) Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)
  • Judicial Analysis ‘Exclusion: Articles 12 and 17 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)